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Youth > Suicide Resources

 

Need to Talk?

Identifying as LGBT can be tough. Sometimes friends don't get it and parents just don't understand. IYG is here to help youth 12 - 20 (call us at 317-541-8726, email us or Facebook us!!) 

Especially for youth:

  • Trevor Project or call 1-866-488-7386 (under 25)
  • TrevorText -  Available on Thursdays and Fridays (4:00 p.m. - 8:00 p.m. ET / 1:00 p.m. - 5:00 p.m. PT). Text the word "Trevor" to 1-202-304-1200.
  • TrevorChat - Available 7 days a week (3:00 p.m. - 9:00 p.m. ET / 12:00 p.m. - 6:00 p.m. PT). Click HERE to go to the chatroom
  • Community Health Network or call 1-800-273-8255
  • Text HELPNOW to 20121 (in Indianapolis)

Youth and adults:

Reach OUT, Not In!!

Information from the Trevor Project:

Warning Signs of Suicide:

Learning the warning signs of suicide is a huge part of preventing a crisis.

Know the signs:

Putting affairs in order
Giving away possessions
Anxiety
Sudden mood changes
Withdrawal
No sense of purpose
Feeling hopeless, desperate, trapped
Changes in sleep
Reckless behavior
Increased alcohol or drug use
Talking about wanting to die or suicide
Anger.

Although emotional ups and downs are normal, sometimes a person who is suicidal gives certain signs or hints that something is wrong. Knowing these major warning signs can help you connect someone you care about to support if they need it - even if that person is yourself.
 

Have you or someone you know felt...?

Unimportant | Trapped | Hopeless | Overwhelmed | Unmotivated | Alone | Irritable | Impulsive | Suicidal

Do you or someone you know...?

• Not care about their future: "It won't matter soon anyway."
• Put themselves down - and think they deserve it: "I don't deserve to live. I suck."
• Express hopelessness: "Things will never get better for me."
• Say goodbye to important people: "You're the best friend I've ever had. I'll miss you."
• Have a specific plan for suicide: "I've thought about how I'd do it."
• Talk about feeling suicidal: "LIfe is so hard. Lately I've felt like ending it all."

Have you or someone you know been...?

• Using drugs or alcohol more than usual
• Acting differently than usual
• Giving away their most valuable possessions
• Losing interest in their favorite things to do
• Admiring people who have died by suicide
• Planning for death by writing a will or letter
• Eating or sleeping more or less than usual
• Feeling more sick, tired or achy than usual

If you answered "yes" to any of these questions, then you are not alone.

If you recognize these signs in someone you know, encourage them to ask for help. If they need support and they are under 25, empower them to call the Trevor Lifeline at 866-488-7386 to talk with a trained volunteer counselor. Trevor is there 24/7 - that means all day and night, every weekend, and every holiday.

If someone is over 25, the can call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255 or the GLBT National Help Center at 1-800-246-7743


Risk Factors

We all can recognize and reduce the risk of suicide.
Certain risk factors can increase a person's risk for suicide. Keep in mind that recognizing these factors in yourself or others does not automatically mean you are suicidal or that someone is considering suicide.
 

Recognizing the Risk Factors of the mind and body:

• History or signs of depression
• History of mental illness
• History of being abused or mistreated
• History of self-injury
• Tendency to be impulsive
• Major physical illness
• Affective disorders (i.e. mood disorders)
• Previous suicide attempt(s)

Factors from your environment:

• Barriers to mental health services
• Lack of community support
• Homelessness
• A death or relationship breakup
• A job loss or change in financial security
• Feeling unsafe
• Family history of suicide
• High stress family environment or dynamic
• Academic or family crisis
• Easy access to lethal materials

Factors you take part in, experience or learn:

• Risky health behaviors (e.g. substance abuse, unsafe sex practices, etc.)
• Lack of support from other youth
• Cultural or religious beliefs that suggest suicide as a solution
• Exposure to suicide through the media, family, friends or co-workers
• Unwillingness to seek help
• Non-suicidal self-injury
• Victimization at home or in school
• Difficulty in school, failing grades, bullying others

Reducing the Risk

There are many ways to lower someone's risk of suicide, such as having:

• Easy access to effective, culturally competent care
• Support from medical and mental health care professionals
• Coping, problem solving and conflict resolution skills
• Restricted access to highly lethal means of suicide (e.g. firearms)
• Strong connections to family members
• Connectedness to safe schools
• Academic, artistic, atheltic achievements
• Nonviolent problem solving and conflict resolution
• Family acceptance for their sexual orientation and/or gender identity
• A feeling of safety, support and connectivity at school through peer groups like Gay-Straight Alliances
• Positive connections with friends who share similar interests
• Cultural and religious beliefs that discourage suicide
• Positive role models and self esteem

Facts About Suicide

• Suicide is the 2nd leading cause of death among young people ages 10 to 24. [1]
• LGB youth are 4 times more likely, and questioning youth are 3 times more likely, to attempt suicide as their straight peers. [2]
• Suicide attempts by LGB youth and questioning youth are 4 to 6 times more likely to result in injury, poisoning, or overdose that requires treatment from a doctor or nurse, compared to their straight peers. [3]
• Nearly half of young transgender people have seriously thought about taking their lives, and one quarter report having made a suicide attempt. [4]
• LGB youth who come from highly rejecting families are 8.4 times as likely to have attempted suicide as LGB peers who reported no or low levels of family rejection. [5]
• 1 out of 6 students nationwide (grades 9-12) seriously considered suicide in the past year. [6]
• Suicide attempts are nearly two times higher among Black and Hispanic youth than White youth. [7]
• Each episode of LGBT victimization, such as physical or verbal harassment or abuse, increases the likelihood of self-harming behavior by 2.5 times on average. [8]

SOURCES:

[1] CDC, NCIPC. Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS) [online]. (2010) {2013 Aug. 1}. Available from:www.cdc.gov/ncipc/wisqars.
[2] CDC. (2011). Sexual Identity, Sex of Sexual Contacts, and Health-Risk Behaviors Among Students in Grades 9-12: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
[3] CDC. (2011). Sexual Identity, Sex of Sexual Contacts, and Health-Risk Behaviors Among Students in Grades 9-12: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
[4] Grossman, A.H. & D'Augelli, A.R. (2007). Transgender Youth and Life-Threatening Behaviors. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behaviors.37(5), 527-37.
[5] Family Acceptance Project™. (2009). Family rejection as a predictor of negative health outcomes in white and Latino lesbian, gay, and bisexual young adults. Pediatrics. 123(1), 346-52.
[6] CDC. (2011). Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance - United States, 2011. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
[7] CDC. (2011). Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance - United States, 2011. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
[8] IMPACT. (2010). Mental health disorders, psychological distress, and suicidality in a diverse sample of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youths. American Journal of Public Health. 100(12), 2426-32.

SOURCES:
CDC, 2010-2011
American Association of Suicidology. (2010). Youth Suicidal Behavior Fact Sheet Based on 2010 Data. Washington, DC: American Association of Suicidology.
Suicide Prevention Resource Center. (2008). Suicide risk and prevention for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and
transgender youth. Newton, MA: Education Development Center, Inc.
Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program
American Psychological Association (APA)
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 2011
Borowsky, I.W., Ireland, M., & Resnick, M.D. (2001). Adolescent suicide attempts: Risks and protectors. Pediatrics. 107(3), 485-493.
Eisenberg, M.E. & Resnick, M.D. (2006). Suicidality among gay, lesbian and bisexual youth: The role of protective factors. Journal of Adolescent Health. 39, 662-668.
Fenaughty, J. & Harre, N. (2003). Life on the seesaw: A qualitative study of suicide resiliency factors for young gay men. Journal of Homosexuality. 45(1), 1-22.
Goodenow, C., Szalacha, L. & Westheimer, K. (2006). School support groups, other school factors, and the safety of sexual minority adolescents. Psychology in the Schools. 43(5), 573-589.
Kidd, S., Henrich, C.C., Brookmeyer, K.A., Davidson, L., King, R.A. & Shahar, G. (2006). The social context of adolescent suicide attempts: Interactive effects of parent, peer and school social relations. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior. 36(4), 386-395.
Meyer, R.E., Salzman, C., Youngstrom, E.A., Clayton P.J., Goodwin, F.K., Mann, J.J. … Sheehan, D.V. (2010). Suicidality and risk of suicide - definition, drug safety concerns, and a necessary target for drug development: A brief report. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 71(8), 1040-1046.
Resnick, M.D., Bearman, P.S., Blum, R.W., Bauman, K.E., Harris, K.M., Jones, J. … & Urdy, J.R. (1997). Protecting adolescents from harm: Findings from the national longitudinal study on adolescent health. The Journal of the American Medical Association. 278(10).